< Parish and Community Council Elections

Campaigning dos and don’ts

When can you start campaigning?
  1. You can start campaigning at any time. You do not have to wait until you are validly nominated to declare that you will run for election, ask people to support you or publish campaign material.
  2. Election spending limits apply from the day after the date a person officially becomes a candidate. For more information on election spending, please see our guidance note on candidate spending at parish and community council elections.
  3. When does a person officially become a candidate?
  4. The earliest you can officially become a candidate is on the last date for publishing the notice of election, which is on the 25th working day before the poll.
  5. You will officially become a candidate on this day if on or before this date you have already declared yourself a candidate at the election (or another person has declared that you are a candidate).
  6. If after this date you or others declare that you will be a candidate at the election, you will become a candidate on the date such a declaration is made, or on the date that you submit your nomination papers, whichever is the earlier.
  7. Once you have officially become a candidate, you are entitled to a copy of the electoral register. You are also entitled to a copy of the lists of absent voters for the parish/community area or, if your parish/community is warded, for the ward you are standing in. In addition, you can use publicly funded rooms and schools for public meetings (see Paragraph 1.20 below).

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    During the campaign, you may…
    • Encourage people who are not on the electoral register to apply for registration. The deadline for registering to vote in time for an election is 12 working days before the poll. Individuals can register online at www.gov.uk/register-to-vote. You can find out more about who can register at www.aboutmyvote.co.uk.
    • Help voters with information about postal and proxy voting – you can find information at www.aboutmyvote.co.uk. The deadline for applying for a postal vote for the elections is 5pm on the eleventh working day before the poll. The deadline for applying for a proxy vote for the elections is 5pm on the sixth working day before the poll. The deadline for applying for a proxy vote for the election is 5pm on the sixth working day before the poll, although in some circumstances electors may apply for an emergency proxy up to 5pm on polling day. An elector can apply for an emergency proxy if, after 5pm on the sixth working day before the poll they have had a medical emergency or have been called away on business.


    During the campaign, you should…
    • During the campaign, you should…If you develop your own application forms, make sure they include all the required information, or the applications will be rejected. In particular, you must make sure that the signature and date of birth fields on postal and proxy application forms are in the correct format. You should use our absent voting application forms on www.aboutmyvote.co.uk as a guide. You should liaise with the Electoral Registration Officer who may be able to provide you with forms you can use.
    • Make sure your supporters follow the Medium of conduct for campaigners in Great Britain – this will help them to avoid situations where their honesty or integrity could be questioned.
    • Make sure your supporters are courteous when dealing with other candidates and their supporters.
    • Be aware of the deadlines for appointing agents to attend postal vote opening sessions, polling stations and the count. Deadlines are set out in our guidance document Part 2a: Standing as an independent candidate and Part 2b: Standing as a party candidate.
    • Check our guidance on how postal vote openings, the voting process and the count will work so that you know what you can expect to happen and when, see Part 5 – Your right to attend key electoral events.
    • Check that your systems for recording spending are working. For more information on election spending see our guidance note on candidate spending at parish and community council elections.


    During the campaign, you must not…
    • Knowingly make a false statement about the personal character of another candidate.
    • Pay canvassers. Canvassing means trying to persuade an elector to vote for or against a particular candidate or party.
  9. More information on election offences and how to report these can be found later in this document (from paragraph 1.44).
  10. If you have made a mistake and have acted in contravention of the rules, you can apply for relief from the consequences of having made a mistake. See paragraph 1.66 for more information.

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    Use of the electoral register and lists of absent voters

  12. Once you officially become a candidate as explained in paragraphs 1.3 to 1.5, you are entitled to receive a free copy of the electoral register. You are also entitled to the lists of people voting by post or proxy (‘the lists of absent voters’) for the parish/community area or, if your parish/community is warded, for the ward that you are contesting.
  13. Restrictions on the use of the information contained in the electoral register and lists of absent voters
  14. The electoral register and lists of absent voters contain people’s personal data and so their use is very carefully controlled.
  15. You can use them to:
    • complete your nomination form
    • help you campaign
    • check that donations are permissible
  16. You must not release to any person any details that appear only in the electoral register and not on the open register which is available for general sale.
  17. You must not:
    • use the electoral register and lists of absent voters for any other purpose not listed above, or
    • pass copies on to anyone outside your campaign (except for certain data processing companies)
  18. If you have supplied a copy of the electoral register or lists of absent voters to campaign workers, they must also comply with the requirements above.
  19. Once you no longer need the register and lists of absents voters for any electoral purposes, you should securely destroy any copies supplied to you as a candidate in accordance with Information Commissioner’s guidelines.

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    Applying for a copy of the electoral register and the lists of absent voters
  21. Copies of the electoral register and lists of absent voters can be obtained from the Electoral Registration Officer. You can find their contact details on www.aboutmyvote.co.uk.
  22. The request must be made in writing and we have made a register request form and an absent voters’ lists request form available for this purpose on our website.
  23. The register and lists will be supplied in electronic format unless you specifically request a paper copy.
  24. The version of the electoral register and lists supplied will be the ones current at the time you will receive will be those that are current at the time of your request. You may also request the updates to the electoral registers and lists that are published in the lead-up to the poll, including the list of newly registered electors when it is published five working days before the poll.

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    Using schools and rooms for public meetings

  26. You may want to engage with the public at public meetings, promoting your views and responding to questions from the audience.
  27. The Electoral Registration Officer keeps a list of the location and availability of meeting rooms in their area. They will make this list available for inspection by candidates and persons authorised by them from the day the notice of election is published. Once you are a candidate as set out in paragraphs 1.3 to 1.5, you will be able to use public rooms up until the day before polling day. Contact details for Electoral Registration Officers can be found on www.aboutmyvote.co.uk.
  28. You should contact the owner of the premises to make a booking, giving reasonable notice to reduce the risk of the request being refused.
  29. There is no hire charge for using these rooms, but you must pay for any expenses incurred, such as heating, lighting and cleaning and for any damage to the premises.

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    Campaign publicity dos and don’ts

  31. You must:
    • Use imprints on all your printed campaign material and any electronic campaign material that is designed to be printed off locally. You should ensure the imprint is clear and visible. See paragraph 1.27 below for more information.
    • Comply with planning rules relating to advertising hoardings and large banners – you should ask the local authority for advice.
    • Make sure that outdoor posters are removed promptly after the election – you must do this within two weeks of the election.
  32. You should:
    • Include an imprint on all non-printed campaign material, including websites.
    • Consider how to make your campaign accessible to people who are visually impaired, have learning difficulties or low literacy skills, or whose first language isn’t English or, in Wales, Welsh. You may want to make contact with disability groups in your local area for advice.
  33. You must not:
    • Produce material that looks like the poll cards sent to voters by the Returning Officer.
    • Pay people to display your adverts (unless they display adverts as part of their normal business).


    Using imprints
    What is an imprint?
  34. An imprint should be added to all campaign material and, in the case of printed material, must be added by law, to show who is responsible for its production. It helps to ensure that the campaign is transparent. You should ensure that your imprint is clear and visible.
  35. What do you need to include?
  36. On printed material, such as leaflets and posters, you must include the name and address of:
    • the printer
    • the promoter
    • any person on behalf of whom the material is being published (and who is not the promoter)
  37. The promoter is the person who has caused the material to be published. If the promoter is acting on behalf of a group or organisation, the group or organisation’s name and address must also be included.
  38. You can use either home or office addresses.
  39. If you are putting an advert in a newspaper, your advert does not need to include the printer’s details but the name and address of the printer of the newspaper must appear on the first or last page of the newspaper. The advert must contain the name and address of the promoter and any person on behalf of whom the advert is being published. If the promoter and the person on behalf of whom the advert is being published are the same, their name and address need only be included once.

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    Example of an imprint
  41. A standard imprint at a parish or community election should look like this:
  42. Printed by [printer’s name and address].

    Promoted by [promoter’s name] of [promoter’s address], on behalf of [candidate’s name] of [candidate’s address]. If the candidate is also the promoter of the material, the ‘on behalf of’ part of the imprint is not required.

  43. In all cases, you must make sure that the imprint lists all the promoters and organisations involved. You can find further example of imprints in our factsheet on election materials and imprints.
  44. Where do you put the imprint?
  45. If your material is single-sided – such as a window poster – you must put the imprint on the face of the document. If it is multi-sided, you must put it on the first or last page.
  46. Social media
  47. ou should display your full imprint details prominently on your profile. You can include a shortened link to your imprint in your tweet or post. If it is impractical to place a full imprint on to an image, you should include the text of a link, or a hyperlinked logo or emblem that leads to your full imprint.
  48. We also suggest that if you use online discussion forums you make your identity as a candidate clear where possible.
  49. Websites and other electronic material
  50. You should also put an imprint on electronic material, such as websites and emails. The imprint should include the name and address of the promoter and the person or organisation on whose behalf it has been produced.

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    Polling day dos and don’ts

  52. You should:
    • Make sure that any tellers working for you follow our tellers dos and don’ts and any guidance issued by the Returning Officer.
    • Make sure your campaigners follow the Medium of conduct for campaigners in Great Britain which sets out what is, and is not, considered acceptable behaviour at polling stations and in the community.
    • Comply with requests by polling station staff or the Returning Officer about campaigning near polling stations. You should, however, be allowed to put your message to voters on polling day, including in public spaces outside polling places.
    • Make sure that any agents who are attending polling stations, postal vote opening sessions or the count understand the rules about the secrecy of the ballot. For more information, see our documents setting out the secrecy requirements for the poll, postal voting and the count. For candidates in Wales, we have also produced the secrecy requirements for postal vote openings, the poll and the count bi-lingually in English and Welsh.
  53. You must not:
    • Campaign near polling stations in a way that could be seen by voters as aggressive or intimidating (for example, large groups of supporters carrying banners, or vehicles with loudspeakers or heavily branded with campaign material).
    • Breach the requirements on secrecy of the ballot. This is an essential part of any modern democracy and breaches are taken seriously.
    • In particular, if you (or your agents) are attending postal vote opening sessions, you must not seek to identify and publicise how votes have been marked on individual ballot papers.
    • Before the close of poll, publish exit polls or any other data based on information given by people about how they voted after they have cast their vote, including a postal vote.


    Maintaining the integrity of the election

  54. As a candidate, you will be one of the key public faces of the election, and your conduct will be scrutinised in detail by your opponents, the media and voters. Voters should be able to trust that you will comply with the law and maintain the integrity of the election process.
  55. The person who acts as your election agent is responsible for your campaign and, in particular, is legally responsible for its financial management.
  56. You should also make sure that your supporters fully understand the law and know what they need to do to ensure that voters can participate freely in this election.
  57. The police can only investigate allegations of electoral fraud where there is evidence to show that an offence has taken place, so you should always be able to substantiate any claims or allegations when you refer them to the police. You should also consider the impact on public trust and confidence of making false or unsubstantiated allegations about the conduct of other campaigners.

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    List of offences

  59. You should be aware of a number of electoral and non- electoral offences and should seek your own legal advice where necessary.
  60. Bribery
  61. The offence of bribery includes where someone directly or indirectly gives any money or procures any office to or for any voter, in order to induce any voter to vote or not vote.
  62. Treating
  63. A person is guilty of treating if either before, during or after an election they directly or indirectly give or provide any food, drink, entertainment or provision to corruptly influence any voter to vote or refrain from voting. Treating requires a corrupt intent – it does not apply to ordinary hospitality.
  64. Undue influence
  65. A person is guilty of undue influence if they directly or indirectly make use of or threaten to make use of force, violence or restraint, or inflict or threaten to inflict injury, damage or harm in order to induce or compel that person to vote or refrain from voting.
  66. A person may also be guilty of undue influence if they impede or prevent any voter from freely exercising their right to vote – even where the attempt is unsuccessful.
  67. Undue influence doesn’t exclusively relate to physical access to the polling station. For example, a leaflet that threatens to make use of force in order to induce a voter to vote in a particular way could also be undue influence.
  68. Personation
  69. Personation is where an individual votes as someone else either by post or in person at a polling station, as an elector or as a proxy. This offence applies if the person that is being personated is living, dead or fictitious. Aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring the offence of personation is also an offence.
  70. False statements
    About a candidate’s personal character or conduct
  71. It is an offence to make or publish a false statement of fact about the personal character or conduct of a candidate in order to affect the return of a candidate at an election.
  72. False statements that are not about a candidate’s personal character or conduct are not illegal under electoral law, but could be considered as libel or slander.
  73. It is also an illegal practice to make a false statement of a candidate’s withdrawal in order to promote or procure the election of another candidate.
  74. In nomination papers
  75. It is an offence to provide a statement on a nomination paper, which you know to be false. For example, if you know you are disqualified from election you must not sign the consent to nomination.
  76. False registration information and false postal/proxy voting application
  77. It is an offence to supply false information on a registration, postal vote or proxy vote application form. False information includes a false signature.
  78. False application to vote by post or by proxy
  79. A person is guilty of an offence if they apply to vote by post or proxy to gain a vote to which they are not entitled or to deprive someone else of their vote.
  80. Multiple voting and proxy voting offences
  81. There are various offences regarding multiple voting and proxy voting, including voting by post as an elector or proxy when subject to a legal incapacity to vote and inducing or procuring another to commit the offence.
  82. Breaches of the secrecy of the ballot
  83. Everyone involved in the election process or attending certain proceedings must maintain the secrecy of the ballot. The Returning Officer will give a copy of the official secrecy requirements to everyone who attends the opening of postal votes or the counting of ballot papers, and to polling agents.
  84. Campaign publicity material
  85. Certain offences relate specifically to election campaign publicity material. Printed election campaign publicity material must contain an imprint and not resemble a poll card. Campaign publicity material must also not contain a false statement as to the personal character or conduct of another candidate.
  86. Racial hatred
  87. Under the Public Order Act 1986, it is an offence to publish or distribute threatening, abusive or insulting material that is intended to stir up racial hatred or which is likely to stir up racial hatred.

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    Reporting allegations of electoral fraud

  89. If you are concerned that electoral fraud may have been committed, you should first speak to the Electoral Registration Officer or the Returning Officer.
  90. They may be able to explain whether or not electoral fraud has been committed, and can refer your concerns to the police if necessary. They can also provide you with the details of the police contact for the relevant police force so that you can report the allegation yourself.
  91. If you have evidence that an electoral offence has been committed you should contact the police immediately, using the 101 non-emergency numbers unless there is a crime in progress, in which case you should use the standard 999 emergency line. Every police force has a dedicated Single Point of Contact Officer who will be able to provide advice to ensure that your allegations are properly investigated. You should be prepared to give them a statement and substantiate your allegation.
  92. If you do not want to give a statement to the police, you can report your concerns anonymously on the Crimestoppers website or by calling Crimestoppers on 0800 555 111.
  93. Please note that if your allegation relates to party, election or registered campaigner finance matters, such as spending, then you should follow the advice given at the following link: www.electoralcommission.org.uk/party- finance/enforcement/making-allegations.

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    What if you have made a mistake?

  95. If either you or your agent has mistakenly acted in contravention of the election rules, you can apply for relief from the penalties for any office.
  96. You should always seek legal advice if considering applying for relief.
  97. For more information, you should: